It is widely believed that the lower blood pressure, the better. However, this is not always true. Under some conditions, low blood pressure may also be a cause for concern, especially in older people. In order to do its job properly, blood pressure must be high enough to supply the limbs, organs and brain with blood and oxygen. However, whether it is low or high depends more on your health history than on the numbers on the device. For example, blood pressure of 90/60 may be quite normal for young and healthy person, while in an adult patient with cardiovascular problems, blood pressure 115/70 mmHg can be considered low, causing weakness and dizziness. What does blood pressure depend on? Blood pressure depends on three things: Stroke volume, which means the amount of blood expelled from the heart Hearth rhythm Tone of the blood vessels which means how clean and flexible they are Diseases affecting some of these conditions can cause low blood pressure. For example, heart failure in combination with low stroke volume can be problematic if the person’s blood vessels fail to response and maintain adequate values. An excessively slow heart rate, called bradycardia, can also lead to dangerously low heart rates. Some disease can damage the health of blood vessels and lead to low blood pressure. These include various infections, paralysis (may be related to a stroke or injury) and some endocrine diseases, such as low cortisol levels. Autonomic disorders can lower or increase the tone of blood vessels and heart rhythm. As a result, blood pressure can vary. What does arterial hypotension mean? Тhe medical term for low blood pressure is hypotension. It is characterized by values below 105/70 mm Hg. Low blood pressure can affect people of all ages, from which elderly and pregnant women are at risk. In fact, low blood pressure is a common condition during pregnancy, especially in the first 24 weeks. This is due to the circulating active hormone progesterone in the body, which relaxes the walls of the blood vessels, and this leads to a decrease in the blood pressure. The three main types of hypotension Orthostatic hypotension It is observed when making sudden movements (eg abrupt straightening) or immediately after eating, it lasts only a few seconds, and it is enough for a person to sit down for the dizziness or blackening to pass. This type of hypotension is due to circulatory disorders or dehydration of the body. Neurogenic hypotension It occurs in the absence of synchronization between the brain and the nerve sensors. In this case, the brain receives “wrong signals”, which say that the blood pressure is high, without actually being so, and accordingly sends impulses to slow the heartbeat. Neurogenic hypotension is observed in a state of stress, fear. Acute / severe hypotension The state of shock for the body is manifested with the so-called severe hypotension. During shock, the blood pressure drops so much that the brain stops sending impulses to other organs, which causes confusion in their functioning. This can lead to severe conditions such as stroke, myocardial infarction, kidney failure, intestinal ischemia. This shock of the body can be caused by severe septic infection, anaphylactic shock or allergy to certain drugs, internal or external bleeding, severe burns, impaired kidney and heart function.
Until very recently, all bacteria were considered harmful in the history of medicine. It was a common perception of scientists and humans about bacteria that these are dangerous microorganisms that cause diseases. The truth is that in the human digestive system there are nearly 1000 different types of microorganisms – bacteria, viruses, fungi, etc. The proper scientific name for these microorganisms is “microbiota”. Studies have linked a healthy gut microbiota with lower cancer rates, heart and liver disease, diabetes, asthma, depression, allergies, and more. Most of these microorganisms are essential for maintaining our health and especially for digestion. The microbiota is actively involved in digestion, helps maintain a good figure and last but not least – stimulates the proper functioning of the immune system. Just as the microbiota affects food, and vice versa – the way of eating affects the balance of microorganisms. Therefore, it is crucial to eat foods that support the growth and development of “good” bacteria in the body. Tips for right nutrition for a healthy stomach The food we consume on a daily basis feeds not only us but the trillions of bacteria that live in our bodies. Therefore, we must select foods that contribute to the balance of microorganisms and that provide a healthy microbiota. Everyone is different in their individual needs, but there are some principles to improve digestion, figure and overall health that are universal. Generally speaking, the gut microbiota is considered healthy when there are as many different types of bacteria in it as possible. The reason for this is that each bacterial strain has different health benefits. A diet consisting of a wide variety of foods helps to create and maintain more variety and beneficial gut bacteria. Here are some easy tips for healthy gut flora: INCREASED INTAKE OF VEGETABLES, FRUITS, BEANS Fruits and vegetables are the best sources of nutrients for beneficial bacteria. Bacterial food is called a prebiotic. Usually prebiotics are indigestible nutrients that do not break down from the body, but when they enter the intestine they serve as a nourishment for the gut microbiota. Fruits and vegetables contain a large amount of fiber that can be processed by certain types of gut bacteria, thus stimulating their development. Legumes are also rich in high levels of fiber. ACCEPT PROBIOTIC FOOD Probiotic foods are foods such as yogurt, kimchi, and kefir. They contain certain bacteria that, when they enter the intestines, colonize and help regulate the balance of the gut microbiota, as well as prevent the ingress of harmful and potentially dangerous bacteria. People who consume regular yogurt have proven to have a greater amount of globally known beneficial bacteria of the genus called Lactobacillus. In addition, the amount of microorganisms (genus Enterobacteriaceae) found that can cause intestinal diseases, inflammation and chronic systemic diseases has been found in these individuals. Taking probiotic foods also improves the symptoms of lactose intolerance. AVOID STRONGLY PROCESSED FOODS They often contain chemicals that either inhibit the development of beneficial bacteria or facilitate the settlement and development of “bad” bacteria in the small and large intestine. AVOID SWEETENER CONSUMPTION Artificial sweeteners are used as a substitute for sugar. However, they have proven to have a negative effect on the intestinal flora. People who frequently use aspartame sweetener have been found to have an increased amount of harmful bacteria of the genus Enterobacteriaceae and the genus Clostridium in the gastrointestinal tract. This higher amount of harmful bacteria in turn increases the risk of developing various intestinal diseases CONSUME FOODS RICH IN ANTIOXIDANTS Antioxidants such as polyphenols are plant components that have a number of beneficial effects on the body, such as reducing blood pressure, inflammation and oxidative stress. You can find them in red wine, broccoli, blueberries, nuts and more. Let olive oil be your fat of choice because it also contains a large amount of polyphenols, known for its beneficial and antioxidant effects. INCLUDE WHOLE GRAIN FOODS IN YOUR DIET Whole grains are very rich in fiber and indigestible carbohydrates, such as beta-glucan. They pass through the intestines unchanged without being digested and reach the colon, where they are broken down by micro-organisms, aiding their growth and development. TAKE PREBIOTIC NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS As mentioned, prebiotics are the “food” of the microorganisms that live in us. They are mainly fiber or complex carbohydrates that cannot be digested by human cells. Instead, some bacteria use them for fuel. Many fruits, vegetables and whole grains contain prebiotics, but they can also be found in the form of supplements to ensure their daily intake in sufficient quantities. In conditions of stress and especially during antibiotic intake, add a nutritional supplement with probiotic and prebiotic to your diet. Because antibiotics destroy the ‘good’ bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract, we need a prebiotic to boost their growth, as well as probiotics to restore the gut balance. A healthy microbiome in turn guarantees the proper functioning of the immune system.
Why Diabetics Should Take Supplements Supplements are a great way to support your immune system, and with a global virus going around, having a strong and healthy immune system has never been more crucial. For diabetics, supplements are even more important, because it is proven that people suffering from this chronic disease are more deficient in micronutrients compared to the healthy population. Also, the intake of the right micronutrients in the proper dosage is associated with a lower chance of developing complications of diabetes, like peripheral nerve damage and even impaired eyesight. Supplements Recommended For Diabetics Supplements include vitamins, minerals and other nutritional components which give your body the ability to function properly. For both prediabetics and diabetics, supplements can help maintain optimal blood sugar levels and assist in slowing the progression of diabetes. However, it is important to consult your doctor about which supplements are right for you. Benefits Of Diabetic Supplements The benefits of using supplements to manage diabetes are numerous, these are a few of the best supplements, recommended by doctors and medical professionals specifically for people with diabetes and prediabetes. Alpha-Lipoic Acid Also known as ALA, it is a formidable antioxidant that is usually produced in your liver, it is also found in foods like spinach and broccoli. Studies show that it improves insulin sensitivity and your cells’ ability to utilize the sugar in your blood. Some studies have linked ALA to decreased insulin resistance. It also reduces the oxidative damage that high blood sugar can cause, which is especially important for preserving the health of the peripheral nerves in the body. Chromium Chromium is an important supplement for diabetics and prediabetics, because it improves your body’s glycaemic control and its ability to convert carbs into energy. Studies showed that it can lower your insulin needs by improving glucose tolerance, this helps maintain healthy glucose levels and decreases fasting blood sugar. Biotin It is important for both type 1 and 2 diabetics because they are prone to low glucokinase levels, which is a fundamental component for healthy bodily functions. Studies show that biotin works in synergy with insulin to increase enzyme glucokinase, improving bodily functions and leading to healthier glucose levels. Magnesium Magnesium is important for both diabetics and prediabetics because it results in normal insulin secretion, decreased insulin resistance and improved insulin action in your body’s tissue. Studies showed that magnesium can also decrease fasting blood sugar levels. Vitamin B6 & B12 It is important to supplement Vitamin B6 and B12 because they are helpful for people with diabetes-related complications like neuropathy. Neuropathy is the severe damage to the nervous system caused by high blood sugar levels. Studies show that around 44% of older diabetics suffer from diabetic neuropathy. Besides the beneficial effects against diabetic neuropathy, Vitamin B6 also improves glucose tolerance. Vitamin C Vitamin C is important because it lowers the amount of sorbitol in your system. Sorbitol is a dangerous sugar, especially for diabetics because when it builds up, it can cause complications like retinopathy, neuropathy and kidney damage. It is important to supplement Vitamin C because type 1 diabetics often have a Vitamin C deficiency, and type 2 diabetics benefit from its strong antioxidant activities. Vitamin D A deficiency in Vitamin D can be dangerous for people living with diabetes. Studies have shown that Vitamin D supplementation is extremely beneficial, especially for those with type 2 diabetes. Results have proven that this vitamin improves glycaemic control and the function of pancreatic cells that make insulin. It increases the body’s responsiveness to insulin. Vitamin D is also a strong immunostimulant. Potassium Insulin can cause a potassium deficiency, the reason this is so problematic for diabetics is that this deficiency then leads to insulin becoming less effective. Supplementing potassium can actually improve diabetics’ insulin sensitivity, making the hormone more efficient. Manganese Diabetics are often deficient in manganese and some studies have identified manganese deficiency to be part of the cause of diabetes. Supplementing manganese positively affects the body’s enzymes and improves glucose metabolism. Zinc Zinc is a crucial element in insulin metabolism, it’s also a great defence against viral infections. A study by John Hopkins University suggests zinc plays a crucial role in managing diabetes. The study suggests that higher zinc levels can lower the risk of diabetes. Some studies have noticed that many diabetics often have a zinc deficiency. Choosing The Right Supplements A good supplement is only effective when taken in the right dosage – and getting that daily dosage right for each vitamin, mineral and supplement can be difficult. Getting too little may mean that supplement is ineffective, while getting too much can be dangerous. When choosing a supplement that is right for you – it is recommended to first consult your medical professional. While choosing the right supplements has its benefits, it is important to note that taking supplements is only beneficial if you suffer from a deficiency, taking too much of anything will cause more harm than good. Supplements also won’t miraculously cure you of diabetes, but they can help support your health if combined with a good diet and exercise.