Supplements For Diabetics & Pre-Diabetics

Why Diabetics Should Take Supplements

Supplements are a great way to support your immune system, and with a global virus going around, having a strong and healthy immune system has never been more crucial. For diabetics, supplements are even more important, because it is proven that people suffering from this chronic disease are more deficient in micronutrients compared to the healthy population. Also, the intake of the right micronutrients in the proper dosage is associated with a lower chance of developing complications of diabetes, like peripheral nerve damage and even impaired eyesight.

Supplements Recommended For Diabetics

Supplements include vitamins, minerals and other nutritional components which give your body the ability to function properly. For both prediabetics and diabetics, supplements can help maintain optimal blood sugar levels and assist in slowing the progression of diabetes. However, it is important to consult your doctor about which supplements are right for you.

Benefits Of Diabetic Supplements

The benefits of using supplements to manage diabetes are numerous, these are a few of the best supplements, recommended by doctors and medical professionals specifically for people with diabetes and prediabetes.

Alpha-Lipoic Acid

Also known as ALA, it is a formidable antioxidant that is usually produced in your liver, it is also found in foods like spinach and broccoli. Studies show that it improves insulin sensitivity and your cells’ ability to utilize the sugar in your blood. Some studies have linked ALA to decreased insulin resistance. It also reduces the oxidative damage that high blood sugar can cause, which is especially important for preserving the health of the peripheral nerves in the body.


Chromium is an important supplement for diabetics and prediabetics, because it improves your body’s glycaemic control and its ability to convert carbs into energy. Studies showed that it can lower your insulin needs by improving glucose tolerance, this helps maintain healthy glucose levels and decreases fasting blood sugar.


It is important for both type 1 and 2 diabetics because they are prone to low glucokinase levels, which is a fundamental component for healthy bodily functions. Studies show that biotin works in synergy with insulin to increase enzyme glucokinase, improving bodily functions and leading to healthier glucose levels.


Magnesium is important for both diabetics and prediabetics because it results in normal insulin secretion, decreased insulin resistance and improved insulin action in your body’s tissue. Studies showed that magnesium can also decrease fasting blood sugar levels.

Vitamin B6 & B12

It is important to supplement Vitamin B6 and B12 because they are helpful for people with diabetes-related complications like neuropathy. Neuropathy is the severe damage to the nervous system caused by high blood sugar levels. Studies show that around 44% of older diabetics suffer from diabetic neuropathy. Besides the beneficial effects against diabetic neuropathy, Vitamin B6 also improves glucose tolerance.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is important because it lowers the amount of sorbitol in your system. Sorbitol is a dangerous sugar, especially for diabetics because when it builds up, it can cause complications like retinopathy, neuropathy and kidney damage. It is important to supplement Vitamin C because type 1 diabetics often have a Vitamin C deficiency, and type 2 diabetics benefit from its strong antioxidant activities.

Vitamin D

A deficiency in Vitamin D can be dangerous for people living with diabetes. Studies have shown that Vitamin D supplementation is extremely beneficial, especially for those with type 2 diabetes. Results have proven that this vitamin improves glycaemic control and the function of pancreatic cells that make insulin. It increases the body’s responsiveness to insulin. Vitamin D is also a strong immunostimulant.


Insulin can cause a potassium deficiency, the reason this is so problematic for diabetics is that this deficiency then leads to insulin becoming less effective. Supplementing potassium can actually improve diabetics’ insulin sensitivity, making the hormone more efficient.


Diabetics are often deficient in manganese and some studies have identified manganese deficiency to be part of the cause of diabetes. Supplementing manganese positively affects the body’s enzymes and improves glucose metabolism.


Zinc is a crucial element in insulin metabolism, it’s also a great defence against viral infections. A study by John Hopkins University suggests zinc plays a crucial role in managing diabetes. The study suggests that higher zinc levels can lower the risk of diabetes. Some studies have noticed that many diabetics often have a zinc deficiency.

Choosing The Right Supplements

A good supplement is only effective when taken in the right dosage – and getting that daily dosage right for each vitamin, mineral and supplement can be difficult. Getting too little may mean that supplement is ineffective, while getting too much can be dangerous. When choosing a supplement that is right for you – it is recommended to first consult your medical professional.

While choosing the right supplements has its benefits, it is important to note that taking supplements is only beneficial if you suffer from a deficiency, taking too much of anything will cause more harm than good. Supplements also won’t miraculously cure you of diabetes, but they can help support your health if combined with a good diet and exercise.